Ancient Science: Force in nature
In modern science we recognise too many forces. But there are four fundamental forces that are recognised. Gravity, electromagnetic force, nuclear force(weak and strong). It is also suggested that these can be unified into a single force which manifests in different forms, yet the unification is far from explainable by our science. Moreover, forces in modern science only explains the observable matter and effects on this observed matter. So, what is the force that causes growth of any kind? Growth need not be just be of “living beings” as we tend to call it. Plants grow, but it can be argued that mountains also grow! Allow a stone to remain in a single place and come back after a few decades it has either disintegrated or grown in size. So, what accounts for this growth? We talk gravity, electromagnetic force, nuclear force etc, but what force causes such a growth? It definitely cannot be attributed to cell-division? Clouds grow and disintegrate. What force do we attribute to this growth? Nuclear force? So, why is it that the force acts differently between a cloud water molecule and steam molecules? Why does steam disperse, but water molecules in air accumulate?
If we read the ancient science literature, the only force that is referenced and it is called “bala” and this is nothing more than the “force to accumulate”. This is the only force that is present, everything else is purely a different version of this force. This can be inactive or active, based on which variety is achieved.
So, what is the “force to accumulate”? As I had written in “Data-Accumulation systems vs logic based system“, the paths of existence that form various selves in this reality around us can be looked at as “accumulated changes that extends”. The accumulation shifts from being purely a changes-accumulation to a logic based accumulation at a certain level of existence when it starts accumulating specific changes rather than all changes. Thus, once a logic has been established (as per whatever is the standard way to establish it), any change encountered, that matches the logic gets automatically included into the path of existence. This logic being the “established order” or “dharma”, the “work done” to optimise the collection of data that meet this “established order” is “karma”. This is the “force of accumulation” and it is called “adayaha” which roughly translates to “relentlessly”. So, once this force is established, it is unrelenting and irrespective of what the accumulation occurs till the matching change is not present. This is the only force that needs to be dealt with. This force can be inactive or active based on various circumstances. The BHPS, chapter-2 says this:
daityAnAM balanAshAya devAnAM balabRddhaye = daityAnAM + bala + nAshAya + devAnAM + bala + bRddhaye = inactive indeed + power/might /force + by destruction + energy indeed + force/ might/ power + (bRh = expand/increase/strong/great + addhA? = in this way / indeed) dharmasaMstApanArthAya grahAjjAtAH shubhAH kramAt = dharma + saM + stApana + arthAya + graha + aj + jAtAH + shubhAH + kramAt = order + together + established + due to cause + acquired + propel/impel + birth/production + pleasant / growing? / agreeable / suitable + series
Translation: “By the destruction of the inactive forces the forces with energy expand causing order to be established, acquiring the propelling of production of suitable series.”
What is important to note here is, the importance is given to “destruction of inactive force“, activation of the force is got, rather than “creation of a force”. This is the major difference between the modern science way of study force to ancient science study of force, a reversal of concepts. “Work is done to destroy inactiveness” rather than “work is done to generate force“. How is this is done is “by agitating”. So, the verse, prior to this in BHPS chapter-2 says:
avatArANyanekAni hyajasya paramAtmanaH = avatAra + aNya + ekAni + hya + jasya + parama + atmanaH = appearance + of other + of the single + previous division + (ja + asya = born + end?) or (jas + ya + exhaust/expire / weaken? (disintegrate?) + that/which) + primary + nature's jIvAnAM karmaphalado graharupI janArdanaH = jIva + anAM + karma + phalado + graha + rupI + janArdanaH = individual + certainly/indeed + work + the result is + acquired + nature + (jana + ardana = generating / birth / production + moving restlessly? agitated)
Translation: “Unifying the other appearances in the weakened rear of the primary nature, the result of the work of the individual acquiring nature of the produced agitation.” And subsequently, this agitation destroys the inactive force giving us a force with energy. Why is this important? Because, force is now linked to the nature of the observable, so based on the nature, the force takes on different qualities automatically giving us the various forces that we notice. Take the simplest force observed automatically in nature, by all of us: “gravity”, it is the attraction of various matter to each other. What causes this, do we know? From the ancient science perspective, if we look at matter itself as an accumulation of changes that have been hardened. So, we are looking at one hardened cluster of changes applying force another hardened cluster of changes. And this force is the “force of accumulation” trying to unify the nature of the two cluster of changes. Take the nuclear force, we have two clusters of changes with opposite polarity in natures, here again it is trying to unify the natures of the agitations produced and hence appropriately establishes an equilibrium. Apply a voltage across a conductor, the established equilibrium of all the individual clusters of changes are disturbed, it tries to unify the natures of all the individual parts involved along with the voltage now and current starts to flow re-establishing an equilibrium, the force being again to accumulate changes, including voltage from when the voltage was applied. The nature of the appearance can be a current or flow of electrons/protons however you want to look at it, but the work done and force can be abstracted out into the original “force of accumulation” by the “unification of appearances”.
Read more on this topic in my upcoming book