Ancient science: Defining existence
This is the second blog related to the topic “Exploring science in ancient scriptures“. In the first blog “View of matter and space“, I had explained how the perception of matter can be changed, by simply viewing this world around us as a network of substances rather than the individual substances, which is the modern science view of it. Viewing that appearance of network as an expanse becomes space. So, rather than matter occupying space, we find that by changing the view, space becomes the derived concept because of the existence of the network of matter, with nodes and bonds. This leads us to the direct question “what is existence? What does existence of the network mean? What are the nodes and bonds of the network?”
In modern science, we define “existence” purely as “something that is alive”. Such a definition tends to discard the notion that “matter exists and is present in reality around us” and categorises “matter as non-alive which can be bent according to our will”. This raises an interesting question “if “non-alive” matter has no existence, then how is it continuously observable in reality? How does it continuously exist side-by-side with the so called “alive” matter?” Given that we don’t consider materials to have existence, it is a component that is totally ignored when we create technology. We disregard the fact that we potentially could have changed existence of these observables and hence changed the whole picture, by changing the compositions of matter and reassembling the compositions to suit our vision of pleasant. No wonder all technologies that are created lead directly to generating more and more garbage and we have no clue how to handle the garbage crisis that is rampant in the world over. This is the next difference between the way ancient science views reality and how modern science views reality.
In ancient science, establishing “existence of a primary fundamental construct” is the reason for the whole network of matter that we observe to be formed and subsequently leading to space and other observables. So, what is existence according to ancient science? To understand this, we just need to look around us and ask ourselves the core question “How long can I observe a particular item?” The “item” observed can be either alive or non-alive. Typically observing “non-alive” is better, since it invokes the least amount of emotion in us and hence prevents clouding the observation with unnecessary thoughts. If we observed a piece of furniture at home, say a dining chair. We find it starts off with being brand new, all joints being tight, and looking shiny. Then based on how the chair is used, it wears out. If you have children using the chair and they tend to play while sitting on it, the joints gradually start coming loose, legs start shaking. If it is a wooden chair, based on the environment and paint on the chair, the wood starts to absorb moisture and so on, things keep degrading at a fast or slow pace based on usage, maintenance and environmental conditions, till one day, it decides to give in and it cannot be used any more. Again depending on who is using it, the chair can be recycled into another item or stays in some corner, before you sell it off to a carpenter or someone who uses it to burn and hence generate heat. But, the point is, there is a path of change that is followed by “the partial network of atoms/molecules bonded together that formed the chair”. This is defined as existence in ancient science.
Existence is defined as “that established self-path of a series of changes that diffuses by itself due to some logic that has been established”. When we look at this definition, we find that this can be applied to anything. What is important to note is the “establishing of a self-path” and “establishing of a logic”. Take a living being. All living beings follow a path, good or bad is a subsequent judgement added to it after the fact of a path being present. We have been in situations where because of us or inspite of us things happen. This can only happen if there was an established path in that changing network, that dictates the changes that the atoms/molecules that we as living beings are composed of or thoughts that we as living beings have go through. That “path” defines us or any sentient or non-sentient object that can be identified in that network. According to ancient science, first comes the “established path” then the “self which identifies that path”. Multiple existences bound together into a network then forms the network that we formed with the observables around us. Thus, ancient science accounts for all that is observable and non-observable in the reality around us.